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Key terms and Spelling List - Year 10 Geography
  • The Physical Processes of the UK
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    abrasion rocks carried down along by the river wear down the river bed and banks 
  • Urban Issues and Challenges
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    Urbanin, relating to, or characteristic of a town or city.  
    Ruralin, relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town.  
    Urbanisationthe process of making an area more urban.  
    Counter UrbanisationCounterurbanization, or de-urbanization, is a demographic and social process whereby people move from urban areas to rural areas.  
    Mega cityA megacity is a very large city, typically with a metropolitan population in excess of 10 million people.  
  • The Living World
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    AbioticRelating to non-living things. 
    BioticRelating to living things.  
    ConsumerCreature that eats animals and/or plant matter.  
    EcosystemA community of plants and animals that interact with each other and their physical environment. 
    Food chainThe connections between different organisms (plants and animals) that rely on one another as their source of food. 
  • Water and resource management and Fieldwork
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    Energy mixThe range of energy sources of a region or country, both renewable and nonrenewable. 
    Fossil fuelA natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms. 
    Resource ManagementThe control and monitoring of resources so that they do not become depleted or exhausted.  
    Sustainable developmentDevelopment that meets the needs of the present without limiting the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. 
    Water securityThe reliable availability of an acceptable quantity and quality of water for health, livelihoods and production. 

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