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Key terms and Spelling List - Year 10 English
  • Term 1 & 2: Macbeth – William Shakespeare.
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    Hamartiaa fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero or heroine. 
    Motifa dominant or recurring idea in an artistic work. 
    Dramatic ironya literary technique, originally used in Greek tragedy, by which the full significance of a character's words or actions is clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character. 
  • Term 1 & 2: Writer’s craft: Language and structure & creative writing.
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    ToneTone, in written composition, is an attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience.  
    ResolutionThe literary device resolution means the unfolding or solution of a complicated issue in a story. 
    AsyndetonAsyndeton is when the writer leaves out conjunctions (such as "and," "or," "but," and "for") in a group of words or phrases so that the meaning of the phrase or sentence is emphasized. 
  • Term 3 & 4: Of Lord of the Flies – William Golding
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    Atavisma tendency to revert to something ancient or ancestral. 
    DualityDuality the quality or condition of being dual; an instance of opposition or contrast between two concepts or two aspects of something. 
    Allusionreferencing directly or indirectly another piece of art or literature. 
  • Term 3 & 4: Writer’s craft: Evaluation & transactional writing.
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    JuxtapositionJuxtaposition is the comparing and contrasting of two or more different (usually opposite) ideas, characters, objects, etc.  
    PersonificationPersonification is when a nonhuman figure or other abstract concept or element is described as having human-like qualities or characteristics. 
    Salutationa standard formula of words used in a letter to address the person being written to. 
  • Term 5: Comparison skills & revision for end of year assessment.
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    ForeshadowingForeshadowing is a literary device in which a writer gives an advance hint of what is to come later in the story. Foreshadowing often appears at the beginning of a story, or a chapter, and helps the reader develop expectations about the coming events. 
    ValedictionA valediction is an expression used to say farewell, especially a word or phrase used to end a letter or message 
    Amplification Amplification repeats a word or expression for emphasis, often using additional adjectives to clarify the meaning. For example: "Love, real love, takes time". 
  • Term 6: Anthology Poetry & Spoken Language Endorsement.
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    Rhetorical devicesA rhetorical device is a linguistic tool that employs a particular type of sentence structure, sound, or pattern of meaning in order to evoke a particular reaction from an audience.  
    Anaphorathe repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses. 
    VoltaVolta. Italian word for “turn.” In a sonnet, the volta is the turn of thought or argument: in Petrarchan or Italian sonnets it occurs between the octave and the sestet, and in Shakespearean or English before the final couplet. 

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