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Key terms and Spelling List - Year 9 English
  • Term 1 & 2: Romeo & Juliet – William Shakespeare.
    Test yourself
    Prologuea separate introductory section of a literary, dramatic, or musical work. 
    SonnetThe word sonnet is derived from the Italian word “sonetto,” which means a “little song” or small lyric. In poetry, a (Shakespearean) sonnet has 14 lines, and is written in iambic pentameter. Each line has 10 syllables. 
    Oxymorona figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction (e.g. faith unfaithful kept him falsely true ). 
    1 Literacy foci:Active and passive voice; Direct and reported speech punctuation.  
  • Term 1 & 2: Writer’s craft: Language and structure & creative writing.
    Test yourself
    Semantic fielda group of words relating to a similar theme or idea, for example violence or happiness. 
    Extended metaphoran author's exploitation of a single metaphor or analogy at length. 
    Narrative shifta shift in perspective while telling a story, for example a change of location, change of narrator, change of time, etc. 
    1 Literacy foci:Simple compound and complex sentences; Tense management: present, past, future; Adjectives and adjectival phrases; Nouns: common, proper, abstract; Commas and their use; Semi colons.  
  • Term 3 & 4: Of Mice and Men – John Steinbeck
    Test yourself
    Symbolismthe use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities. 
    Cyclical narrativeA story that ends in the same place it began is commonly called a circular or cyclical narrative. 
    Moral ambiguityMoral ambiguity is lack of clarity in ethical decision-making. In other words, moral ambiguity is when you have an issue, situation, or question that has moral or ethical elements, but the morally correct action to take is unclear 
    1 Literacy foci:First, second, third person pronouns; Direct and reported speech punctuation; Nouns: common, proper, abstract; Nouns and noun phrases.  
  • Term 3 & 4: Writer’s craft: Evaluation & transactional writing.
    Test yourself
    Ironythe expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. 
    Hyperboleexaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally. 
    Anecdotethese are short accounts of a real event told in the form of a very brief story. Their effect is often to create an emotional or sympathetic response.  
    1 Literacy foci:Commas and their use; Comma splicing.  
  • Term 5: Comparison skills & ‘News’ (non-fiction): revision for end of year assessment.
    Test yourself
    Synthesisthe combination of components or elements to form a connected whole. 
    Clichea phrase or opinion that is overused and betrays a lack of original thought (avoid these in your writing). 
    Emotive languageLanguage designed to create a strong emotional response in the reader.  
  • Term 6: Anthology Poetry
    Test yourself
    Caesuraa pause near the middle of a line, marked by punctuation.  
    End stopped lineAn end stopped line is a line in verse which ends with punctuation, either to show the completion of a phrase or sentence. 
    RhythmRhythm is a literary device that demonstrates the long and short patterns through stressed and unstressed syllables, particularly in verse form.