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Definitions and Meanings

Health, anatomy and physiology, and movement analysis.

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movement of a bone or limb away from the midline of the body.
movement of a bone or limb towards the midline of the body.
small air sacs in the lungs where gaseous exchange takes place.
an imaginary straight line through the body around which it rotates.
a diet that contains the right quantity of food so that you consume only as many calories as you expend each day. Right mix of different food types so that the body receives all the nutrients, vitamins and minerals it needs.
a unit of measurement for heat or energy production in the body, normally expressed as kcal.
excessive loss of water from the body, interrupting the normal functioning of the body.
the distance travelled during diffusion. The diffusion pathway is short in gaseous exchange.
a somatotype characterised by being tall and thin, with narrow shoulders and narrow hips.
a somatotype characterised by a pear-shaped body. Endomorphs have wide hips, narrow shoulders and higher levels of body fat.
breathing out.
the amount of air that can be forced out after tidal volume (normal expiration). This decreases during exercise.
movement at ankle joint - decreases angle at ankle joint.
increase angle of bones at a joint.
decrease in the angle of bones at a joint.
runs left to right and divides the body into front and back.
process where oxygen from the air in the alveoli moves into the blood in the capillaries, while carbon dioxide moves from the blood in the capillaries into the air in the alveoli.
the process of breathing in.
the amount of air that can be forced in after tidal volume (after normal breathing). This decreases during exercise.
runs vertically through the body, from head to toe.
a somatotype characterised by a muscular appearance, wide shoulders and narrow hips.
the intake of food, considered in relation to the body's dietary needs.
an imaginary line that splits the body in two and depicts the direction of movement.
movement at the ankle joint - increases the angle at the ankle joint.
amount of air that remains in the lungs after maximal expiration. No change during exercise.
circular movement around a joint or, in other words, a movement around an axis.
runs horizontally through the body from front to back, through the belly button.
runs forward and backwards and divides the body into right and left halves.
a method of classifying body types.
the normal amount of air inhaled or exhaled per breath. Increases with exercise.
runs horizontally through the body from left to right at the hips.
divides the body in half horizontally.
the largest volume of air that can be forcibly expired after the deepest possible inspiration.
Abduction
Adduction
Alveoli
Axis
Balanced diet
Calorie
Dehydration
Diffusion pathway
Ectomorph
Endomorph
Exhalation/Expiration
Expiratory reserve volume
Dorsiflexion
Extension
Flexion
Frontal plane
Gaseous exchange
Inhalation/Inspiration
Inspiratory reserve volume
Longitudinal axis
Mesomorph
Nutrition
Plane
Plantar flexion
Residual Volume
Rotation
Sagittal axis
Sagittal plane
Somatotype
Tidal volume
Transverse axis
Transverse plane
Vital capacity

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