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Definitions and Meanings

Applied anatomy and physiology & Training

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working at a low to moderate intensity so that the body has time to use oxygen for energy production and can work for a long period of time.
working for short periods of time at a high intensity without oxygen for energy production.
the muscle or group of muscles that relax to allow a movement to take place (paired with an agonist).
the muscle or group of muscles that contract to allow a movement to take place (paired with an antagonist).
bones that meet at a joint to enable movement.
Delayed Onset of Muscle Soreness. Pain felt in muscles the day after exercise.
Excess Post-exercise Oxygen Consumption. Amount of oxygen needed to recover after exercise. Characterised by increased breathing rate post exercise.
feeling of extreme or severe tiredness due to a build up of lactic acid in the muscles.
the ability to meet, or cope with, the demands of the environment.
used to increase the amount of work the body does in order to achieve overload (Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type).
a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
the enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in the size of its cells. When a muscle is trained, small tears are created. As they heal, they become thicker and increase in size.
a muscle contraction where the length of the muscle does not change when it contracts. No limb movement.
a muscle contraction where the length of the muscle changes length when it contracts, resulting in limb movement. Concentric (muscle contracts and shortens). Eccentric (muscle contracts and lengthens).
a mild poison and waste product of anaerobic respiration.
the muscular system and the skeletal system working together.
guidelines that, if applied, ensure that training is effective and results in positive adaptations. SPORT - Specificity, Progressive Overload, Reversibility and Tedium.
the number of times an individual activity is performed.
a lifestyle with irregular or no physical activity.
a group of repetitions.
an area of the body where two or more articulating bones meet.
connective tissue connecting muscle to bone.
connective tissue connecting bone to bone.
Aerobic exercise
Anaerobic exercise
Antagonist
Agonist
Articulating bones
DOMS
EPOC
Fatigue
Fitness
FITT principle
Health
Hypertrophy
Isometric contraction
Isotonic contraction
Lactic acid
Musculoskeletal system
Principles of Training
Repetitions (reps)
Sedentary lifestyle
Sets
Synovial joint
Tendon
Ligament

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