BFS Logo
 Bristol Free School

BFS Logo

Image of student
6th Form Curriculum Guide - Year 12 History
Term 1Russia, 1917-1991: from Lenin to Yeltsin
Communist government in the USSR, 1917-85 Establishing Communist Party control between 1917-21; the creation of a one party state and the nature of government under Lenin. Stalin in power: the elimination of opponents in government and state; the purges of the 1930s; Stalin’s power over party and state. Reform, stability and stagnation between 1953-1985; Khrushchev’s attempts to reform government including de-Stalinisation; stability and stagnation under Brezhnev. Industrial and agricultural change, 1917-1985 Development of a command economy; nationalisation of industry; War Communism and the New Economic Policy. Industry and agriculture in the Stalin era; Five Year Plan, agricultural collectivisation; recovery from war after 1945.
Assessment: Key Words and Terms
 
Term 2Russia, 1917-1991: from Lenin to Yeltsin
Industrial and agricultural change, 1917-1985 continued Changing priorities for industry and agriculture between 1953-1985; the promotion of light industry; limited attempts to reform after 1964; economic decline. Control of the people Media, propaganda and religion; state control of mass media; the personality cults of Stalin and attacks on religious beliefs and practices. The secret police; attacks on political opponents; Andropov’s suppression of dissidents; continued monitoring of popular discontent between 1982-85. The state culture of change; Proletkult, avant-garde and Socialist Realism between 1917-1953. Social developments, 1917-1985 Social security; full employment and benefits; Khrushchev and Brezhnev’s promotion of a stable society between 1953-1985.
Assessment: Key Words and Terms
 
Term 3Russia, 1917-1991: from Lenin to Yeltsin
Social developments, 1917-1985 continued Women and the family; the changing status of different groups of women; changing attitudes of the government towards the family unit. Education and young people; the growth of primary, secondary and higher education; the reduction of illiteracy; state control of the curriculum. Historical interpretations: What explains the fall of the USSR c.1985-1991 The significance of the economic weaknesses of the USSR and the failure of reform. The effects of Gorbachev’s failure to reform the Communist Party and the Soviet government. The impact of the nationalist resurgence in the late 1980s in the Soviet republics and in the communist states of Eastern Europe. How far Gorbachev and Yeltsin can be seen as responsible for the collapse of the USSR in 1991.
Assessment: Key Words and Terms
 
Term 4The German Democratic Republic, 1949-1990
Establishing and consolidating communist rule in the GDR, c.1949-61 Post-war division of Germany; the Soviet zone; the creation of the Socialist Union Party (SED) in 1946; growing divisions among the victor powers; formation of the GDR in 1949. The system of government and head of state. Economic developments between 1949-61; USSR seizure of reparations from 1945; socialist economics and planning; industrial developments and agricultural collectivisation. Defending the GDR between 1949-61; emigration in the 1950s, the crisis of 1960-61; building of the Berlin Wall and its importance. The development of the East German state, 1961-85 Economic stabilisation after 1961; the end of mass emigration; development of new economic systems; membership of COMECON and its importance.
Assessment: Key Words and Terms
 
Term 5 The German Democratic Republic, 1949-1990
The development of the East German state, 1961-85 continued Honecker and the development of a GDR identity; mass media; the importance of sport- especially Olympics and women’s sport. Relations with West Germany: Ostpolitik; the agreement of 1970-72; the relaxation of travel restrictions and the growth of communications with the Federal Republic. Growing international prestige of the GDR. Life in East Germany, 1949-85 Social change and welfare programmes including housing, education and the changing role of women. Repression and control: The Ministry of State Security- its methods and activities; the control of young people through the Free German Youth (FDJ). The SED and the Protestant Church; attacks on religious beliefs and practices. Western influences in the GDR; the impact of Ostpolitik.
Assessment: Key Words and Terms
 
Term 6The German Democratic Republic, 1949-1990 and Historical Investigation
Growing Crises and the collapse of communist rule in the GDR, 1985-90 Economic stagnation in the 1980s; the growing national debt; high spending on health and welfare; poor quality of consumer and other goods; economic relations with West Germany. Gorbachev’s influence; the impact of perestroika and glasnost on the GDR’s government and people. The events of 1989; the opening of Hungary’s border with Austria; emigration from the GDR; Gorbachev’s visit to Berlin in October. The end of the GDR,1989-90; collapse of the SED government in 1989 and elections of March 1990; the reunification of East and West Germany; the fall of the Berlin Wall. (For Historical Investigation see next page)
Assessment: Key Words and Terms
 

Login